Both definitely apply here. When Hernandez threw the 23rd perfecto in Major League history on Wednesday afternoon, he became the third pitcher to achieve perfection this season, and he threw the sixth no-hitter of 2012. It's certainly a cluster, if not all the way to an epidemic.
Strikeouts are up, even though home runs remain high and run-scoring in general is relatively high. Teams are smarter about evaluating defense, which means better players on the field. Many of the no-nos, including Hernandez's, have taken place at pitcher-friendly ballparks. Drug testing certainly may be a factor. Random statistical noise is almost assuredly a factor.
But then there's that other big one: the pitchers. Though some of the names on the list are prosaic, most of the men who have pulled off the feat in recent years are stars. It's guys like Hernandez, Jered Weaver, Justin Verlander, Matt Cain, Johan Santana and Roy Halladay.
You don't have to have elite command and stuff to throw a no-hitter, but it sure helps. Hernandez has both in spades.
It's a short list of pitchers who can do what Hernandez can do at his best. His stuff across multiple pitches may be the equal of any starter in the game. He can come in on the hands with a fastball, drop a slider on the outside corner and freeze a hitter with a changeup on the inside black -- all in the same plate appearance.
In the game's final at-bat, he threw four different pitches to Sean Rodriguez at five velocities. That included a called strike on an 83-mph curveball away, a swinging strike at a slider away and the final, freezing, unfair split-finger fastball inside. The last pitch, that wicked splitter, dove down and in on Rodriguez at 92 mph.
Rodriguez had no chance, but that just made him like everyone else wearing a Rays uniform.
Hernandez's perfecto missed what seems to be the calling card of nearly every no-hitter, the signature spectacular play, because no such play was needed. Gregor Blanco saved Cain's perfect game with a magnificent diving catch. Mike Baxter sacrificed a huge chunk of his season when he injured himself making a catch to save Santana's no-no.
Eric Thames made a nice play on Sam Fuld's leadoff fly ball in the first, but the ball wasn't that dangerous. And nobody else even came close. Hernandez struck out 12, getting 26 swinging strikes, and no ball was hit to an outfielder after the fourth inning.
It was sheer dominance by a dominant pitcher.
So, sure, Hernandez was helped by pitching at Safeco Field. Sure, a strikeout-happy and low-scoring Rays team made the task a little less daunting. Sure, Hernandez has some excellent defenders behind him.
Plenty of pitchers get to enjoy advantages like that every night, though. Hernandez took advantage, in spectacular style. Because he's Felix Hernandez.